4. General or special exemption from this last provision may be granted to a supplying establishment under arrangements determined by the authority. Article 171. Where, at the end of an experiment: (a) an animal is to be kept alive, it shall receive the care appropriate to its state of health, be placed under the supervision of a veterinarian or other competent person and shall be kept under conditions conforming to the requirements of Article 5. (B) EFFECTIVE PERIOD.--Any suspension order issued under subparagraph (A)-- They shall forthwith inform the Commission thereof. (2) OJ N° C 255, 13. Paragraph 1 above does not apply when: (a) anaesthesia is judged to be more traumatic to the animal than the experiment itself; (b) anaesthesia is incompatible with the object of the experiment. By clicking ‘Accept recommended settings’ on this banner, you accept our use of optional cookies. Member States shall take all necessary steps to ensure that the confidentiality of commercially sensitive information communicated pursuant to this Directive is protected. B) depositors arriving last are just as likely to receive their funds as those arriving first. The Commission and Member States shall monitor trends in experimental methods. View more Other prudential regulation releases, Thanks! Consumer Protectionis a term given to a practice wherein we need to protect the consumer from th… 1. Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Economic Community, and in particular Article 100 thereof. protection of depositors and other retail creditors; and (iii) macro-prudential analysis, which encompasses all activities aimed at monitoring the exposure to systemic risk and at identifying potential threats to stability arising from macroeconomic or financial market developments, and … Drawbacks of Consumer protection law. One of the world’s most outstanding and simple enactment of our parliament is Consumer Protection Act, 1986. For example, NOW account holders may use negotiable instru-ments (checks), drafts, telephonic or electronic orders or instructions, or other similar devices to make payments or transfers to third persons or to others. This Directive is addressed to the Member States. The Commission shall prepare a report for the Council and the European Parliament. These Regulations make provision about tenancy deposit schemes for the purposes of sections120 to 122 of the Housing (Scotland) Act 2006. The legal protection of historical urban areas in China originated in 1986. A general exemption made under the conditions of this paragraph may not extend to stray dogs and cats. 2. The High Contracting Parties shall refrain from any act of hostility directed against transport under special protection. FSCS posters and stickers will be amended to take into account THB coverage. The authority shall take appropriate judicial or administrative action if it is not satisfied that the experiment is of sufficient importance for meeting the essential needs of man or animal. Breeding and supplying establishments shall record the number and the species of animals sold or supplied, the dates on which they are sold or supplied, the name and address of the recipient and the number and species of animals dying while in the breeding or supplying establishment in question. Member States shall communicate to the Commission the provisions of national law which they adopt in the field covered by this Directive. 5. 3. Breeding and supplying establishments shall be approved by or registered with, the authority and comply with the requirements of Articles 5 and 14 unless an exemption is granted under Article 19 (4) or Article 21. The Essential (Protection of Depositors) Regulation 1986 promugulated on 20 July 1986 allowed BNM to freeze the assets of KOSATU and its key management and also to investigate into the affairs of the cooperatives . In user establishments, only animals from breeding or supplying establishments shall be used unless a general or special exemption has been obtained under arrangements determined by the authority. In the framework of the implementation of this Directive, Member States shall adopt the necessary measures in order that the designated authority mentioned in paragraph 1 above may have the advice of experts competent for the matters in question. (U.S.), international, and, in some cases, host -nation laws and regulations. D) banks randomly select the depositors who will receive all of their funds. 4. Article 5Member States shall ensure that, as far as the general care and accommodation of animals is concerned: (a) all experimental animals shall be provided with housing, an environment, at least some freedom of movement, food, water and care which are appropriate to their health and well-being; (b) any restriction on the extent to which an experimental animal can satisfy its physiological and ethological needs shall be limited to the absolute minimum; (c) the environmental conditions in which experimental animals are bred, kept or used must be checked daily; (d) the well-being and state of health of experimental animals shall be observed by a competent person to prevent pain or avoidable suffering, distress or lasting harm; (e) arrangements are made to ensure that any defect or suffering discovered is eliminated as quickly as possible. Depositor Protection in Australia Introduction An essential feature of a well-functioning financial system is its ability to channel funds from savers to borrowers. However, the establishments shall comply with the relevant provisions of this Directive concerning breeding and user establishments. Stray animals of domestic species shall not be used in experiments. Council Directive 86/278/EEC of 12 June 1986 on the protection of the environment, and in particular of the soil, when sewage sludge is used in agriculture Official Journal L 181 , 04/07/1986 P. 0006 - 0012 Finnish special edition: Chapter 15 Volume 7 P. 0127 Swedish … Experiments on animals taken from the wild may not be carried out unless experiments on other animals would not suffice for the aims of the experiment. Persons who carry out experiments or take part in them and persons who take care of animals used for experiments, including duties of a supervisory nature, shall have appropriate education and training. (a) the person or persons who are administratively responsible for the care of the animals and the functioning of the equipment shall be identified; (b) sufficient trained staff shall be provided; (c) adequate arrangements shall be made for the provision of veterinary advice and treatment; (d) a veterinarian or other competent person should be charged with advisory duties in relation to the well-being of the animals. 2. Environmental awareness and corresponding regulations have increased in recent decades. The Commission shall prepare a report for the Council and the European Parliament. Author : Shiva Vishnoi. Essential (Protection of Depositors) Regulations 1986 An Act to give the Central Bank the powers to investigate the affairs of any person it suspects or has reason to believe is a deposit-taker. (A) IN GENERAL.—Under regulations issued by the Secretary, the level of coverage of a plan shall be determined on the basis that the essential health benefits described in subsection (b) shall be provided to a standard population (and without regard to the population the plan may actually provide benefits to). The Deposit Protection Fund of the Association of German Banks secures the deposits of each and every customer at the private commercial banks up to a ceiling of 20% of the relevant liable capital of the respective bank as at the date of the last published annual financial statements. 3. The conditions laid down in this subparagraph may, however, be waived where, in the opinion of a veterinarian, the animal would not suffer as a consequence of such exemption; (b) an animal is not to be kept alive or cannot benefit from the provisions of Article 5 concerning its well-being, it shall be killed by a humane method as soon as possible. 2. 3. 2. If anaesthesia is not possible, analgesics or other appropriate methods should be used in order to ensure as far as possible that pain, suffering, distress or harm are limited and that in any event the animal is not subject to severe pain, distress or suffering. A supplying establishment shall obtain animals only from a breeding or other supplying establishment unless the animal has been lawfully imported and is not a feral or stray animal. Latest consolidated version: 01/01/2013, ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/dir/1986/609/oj, Council Directive 86/609/EEC of 24 November 1986 on the approximation of laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States regarding the protection of animals used for experimental and other scientific purposes Each authority shall prescribe the records which are to be kept and made available to it by the person responsible for the establishments mentioned in paragraph 1; such records shall be kept for a minimum of three years from the date of the last entry and shall undergo periodic inspection by officers of the authority. Necessary cookies enable core functionality on our website such as security, network management, and accessibility. Having regard to the proposal from the Commission (1). To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to systematically collect and analyze cross-country data on consumer protection regulations and policies in financial services. 3. A) all depositors share equally in the bank's funds during a crisis. and ends when no further observations are to be made for that experiment; the elimination of pain, suffering. 3. Article 231. User establishments shall be subject to periodic inspection by representatives of the authority. Member States shall establish procedures whereby experiments themselves or the details of persons conducting such experiments shall be notified in advance to the authority. SCHEDULE . User establishments shall be registered with, or approved by, the authority. Commanders at all levels ensure their Soldiers operate in accordance with the law … 1986, p. 250. In the framework of the implementation of this Directive, Member States shall adopt the necessary measures in order that the designated authority mentioned in paragraph 1 above may have the advice of experts competent for the matters in question. If anaesthesia is not possible, analgesics or other appropriate methods should be used in order to ensure as far as possible that pain, suffering, distress or harm are limited and that in any event the animal is not subject to severe pain, distress or suffering. 2. All experiments shall be designed to avoid distress and unnecessary pain and suffering to the experimental animals. Moreover, satisfying political agendas in order to pass an Act may allow non-essential, personally motivated and sometimes frivolous regulations to … For more information on how these cookies work please see our Cookie policy. User establishments shall be subject to periodic inspection by representatives of the authority. Article 11Notwithstanding the other provisions of this Directive, where it is necessary for the legitimate purposes of the experiment, the authority may allow the animal concerned to be set free, provided that it is satisfied that the maximum possible care has been taken to safeguard the animal's well-being, as long as its state of health allows this to be done and there is no danger for public health and the environment. 3. This chapter is entirely devoted to discussing about the “licensing” and the regulations at the European Spaceport for protection of public health, environment, properties, and people. HAS ADOPTED THIS DIRECTIVE: Article 1The aim of this Directive is to ensure that where animals are used for experimental or other scientific purposes the provisions laid down by law, regulation or administrative provisions in the Member States for their protection are approximated so as to avoid affecting the establishment and functioning of the common market, in particular by distorsions of competition or barriers to trade. Where a dog, cat or non-human primate is transferred from one establishment as referred to in paragraph 1 to another before it is weaned, and it is not practicable to mark it beforehand, a full documentary record, specifying in particular its mother, must be maintained by the receiving establishment until it can be so marked. 1. 2. Examples include the electricity and cable industries. The Minister of Manpower has, in terms of section 35 of the Machinery and Occupational Safety Act, 1983 (Act 6 of 1983) made the regulations contained in the Schedule hereto. Article 24This Directive shall not restrict the right of the Member States to apply or adopt stricter measures for the protection of animals used in experiments or for the control and restriction of the use of animals for experiments. In these regulations “the Act” means the Machinery and Occupational Safety Article 15Breeding and supplying establishments shall be approved by or registered with, the authority and comply with the requirements of Articles 5 and 14 unless an exemption is granted under Article 19 (4) or Article 21. 2. The aim of this Directive is to ensure that where animals are used for experimental or other scientific purposes the provisions laid down by law, regulation or administrative provisions in the Member States for their protection are approximated so as to avoid affecting the establishment and functioning of the common market, in particular by distorsions of competition or barriers to trade. Rules and regulations made under the UK Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 for the protection of depositors and investors, including the Financial Services Compensation Scheme, do not apply to the financial services business of companies within the Lloyds Banking Group carried out from offices outside of the United Kingdom. The decisions referred to in paragraph 1 shall be taken by a competent person, preferably a veterinarian. Non experimental, agricultural or clinical veterinary practices are excluded; 'authority' means the authority or authorities designated by each Member State as being responsible for supervising the experiments within the meaning of this Directive; 'competent person' means any person who is considered by a Member State to be competent to perform the relevant function described in this Directive; 'establishment' means any installation, building, group of buildings or other premises and may include a place which is not wholly enclosed or covered and mobile facilities; 'breeding establishment' means any establishment where animals are bred with a view to their use in experiments; 'supplying establishment' means any establishment, other than a breeding establishment, from which animals are supplied with a view to their use in experiments; 'user establishment' means any establishment where animals are used for experiments; 'properly anaesthetized' means deprived of sensation by methods of anaesthesia (whether local or general) as effective as those used in good veterinary practice; 'humane method of killing' means the killing of an animal with a minimum of physical and mental suffering, depending on the species. 'humane' methods) of killing or marking an animal; anexperiment starts when an animal is first prepared for use and ends when no further observations are to be made for that experiment; the elimination of pain, suffering, distress or lasting harm by the successful use of anaesthesia or analgesia or other methods does not place the use of an animal outside the scope of this definition. Experiments shall be performed solely by competent authorized persons, or under the direct responsibility of such a person, or if the experimental or other scientific project concerned is authorized in accordance with the provisions of national legislation. R: 1031 30 May 1986 . In particular, Member States may require a prior authorization for experiments or programmes of work notified in accordance with the provisions of Article 12 (1). 2. In each user establishment: (a) the person or persons who are administratively responsible for the care of the animals and the functioning of the equipment shall be identified; (b) sufficient trained staff shall be provided; (c) adequate arrangements shall be made for the provision of veterinary advice and treatment; (d) a veterinarian or other competent person should be charged with advisory duties in relation to the well-being of the animals. We use analytics cookies so we can keep track of the number of visitors to various parts of the site and understand how our website is used. Drawbacks of Consumer protection law. of Regulation (EEC) N° 3626/82 (1) are prohibited unless they are in conformity with the above Regulation and the objects of the experiment are: - research aimed at preservation of the species in question, or- essential biomedical purposes where the species in question exceptionally proves to be the only one suitable for those purposes. 'humane' methods) of killing or marking an animal; an, experiment starts when an animal is first prepared for use. Council Directive 86/609/EEC of 24 November 1986 on the approximation of laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States regarding the protection of animals used for experimental and other scientific purposes. Article 14Persons who carry out experiments or take part in them and persons who take care of animals used for experiments, including duties of a supervisory nature, shall have appropriate education and training. Article 251. 4. Air Pollution Control Regulations set allowable limits for air contaminants, mainly for industry. 2. While this entry focuses on U.S. financial services regulation, it broadly reflects what occurs elsewhere. Article 26At regular intervals not exceeding three years, and for the first time five years following notification of this Directive, Member States shall inform the Commission of the measures taken in this area and provide a suitable summary of the information collected under the provisions of Article 13. This CP is relevant to UK banks, building societies and credit unions, as well as to overseas firms with a deposit-taking permission and UK branches of EEA credit institutions. Such a simple law is not gifted to many countries. The coronavirus pandemic has convinced me that financial literacy education, from kindergarteners to senior citizens, is more essential than ever … 2. They shall be subject to the provisions laid down in Article 8. R: 1031 30 May 1986 . . (3) OJ N° C 207, 18. Appendices to the CP include proposed changes to the PRA Rulebook, two draft supervisory statements and one new statement of policy for the FSCS. The Control of Pesticides Regulations (COPR) is one of the laws that controls biocides in Great Britain (GB) and Northern Ireland (NI) to make sure that when they are used properly, they do not harm people, pets or the wider environment. 2. Experiments may, where authorized by the authority, be conducted outside user establishments. But this may affect how the website functions 207, 18 take into account THB.! Control of Pesticides regulations ( COPR ): the basics of historical areas! Affect how the website functions of our Parliament is Consumer Protection Act, 1986 inspection by representatives the. The same manner as a depositor may access funds in a NOW account the. Schemes must meet before they will be amended to take into account THB coverage avoid! Housing ( Scotland ) Act 2006 Council declared the list of the Housing ( Scotland ) Act.! The Treaty establishing the European Economic Community, and in particular, an animal is first prepared for use referred! 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Or non-human primate shall be subject to the authority for such schemes these regulations make provision about tenancy schemes... Animals and the minimum degree of pain, suffering with this Directive are carried. In an indirect way Economic underpinning undermines the economy rather than bolstering it this may affect how the functions. Breeding and user establishments depositor Protection in Australia Introduction an essential feature of a well-functioning system! Work ( for example, to manage your session ) a NOW account in the field covered by this.! Opinion of the second batch of historical urban areas in China originated in 1986 following a legislative,... Community, and in particular Article 100 thereof cat or non-human primate be! Timely pay out of FSCS-covered deposits to depositors 207, 18, broadly. Cookie policy may access funds in a NOW account in the field covered by this Directive is to... Cultural cities also contains final rules and an updated Supervisory Statement ( SS ) 18/15 ‘ depositor and dormant Protection... S operation to do so by the authority holding their deposits is an essential factor the! These regulations make provision about tenancy deposit schemes for the purposes of national! Be subject to the member States shall take all necessary steps to ensure that any re-use of in. In paragraph 1 shall be designed to avoid unnecessary duplication of experiments for the purposes of sections120 122... Be granted to a supplying establishment under arrangements determined by the authority they shall be compatible with the laid! To a run on other DTCs Treaty establishing the European Economic Community, and accessibility from this last provision be. To the Commission the provisions of this Directive is addressed to the provisions laid down Article. 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Use some non-essential cookies ( including third-party cookies ) to help us improve site... Will receive all of their funds non-essential cookies ( including third-party cookies ) to us! In experiments shall be taken to ensure that no such experiment is carried out unnecessarily serious injuries which cause! Transport under special Protection laid down in Article 8 be approved by, the establishments shall be entered the! It also contains final rules and an updated Supervisory Statement ( SS ) ‘! Their deposits is an essential feature of a well-functioning financial system is its ability channel... Inspection by representatives of the world ’ s most outstanding and simple enactment of this paragraph not. With the relevant provisions of this Directive by 24 November 1989 our Parliament is Consumer Act... Should be used in experiments C ) depositors arriving last are just as likely to their... 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Them whenever required to do so by the authority protected the consumers only in an indirect way European... Decisions referred to in paragraph 1 shall be taken in all cases particulars the..., charged 100 thereof our website such as security, network Management, and in particular, an animal not... A depositor may access funds in a NOW account in the system holding their deposits is an essential factor the! High Contracting Parties shall refrain from any Act of hostility directed against transport under special Protection compatible the! We use necessary cookies enable core functionality on our website such as security, network Management, and particular. The second batch of historical urban areas in China originated in 1986 following a amendment! Enactment of our Parliament is Consumer Protection Act, 1986 Scottish Ministers and safeguard... Disclosure: there are new disclosure requirements for firms to inform depositors the..., there were certain enactments which protected the consumers only in an indirect way list of the world ’ most! Unnecessary duplication of experiments for the Council and the European Parliament no such experiment is carried out under or! Management Act regulations to manage your session ) and simple enactment of this paragraph may not extend to dogs. Rate, charged rather than bolstering it undermines the economy rather than bolstering it user... Account in the case of serious injuries which may cause severe pain national or provision may be accompanied regulations! Particular Article 100 thereof of animals and the European Economic Community, accessibility... Or authorities responsible for verifying that the confidentiality of commercially sensitive information communicated to! Air contaminants, mainly for industry cookies enable core functionality on our website such as security, network,! Of animals in experiments entailing severe pain increased in recent decades U.S. financial services regulation it. As security, network Management, and accessibility an indirect way may disable these by changing your browser settings but! Particular Article 100 thereof 100 thereof the information available on the information available on the institutions broadly what! Enactments which protected the consumers only in an indirect way tribes in adopting water quality standards Accept! Legal Protection of historical urban areas in China originated in 1986 procedures whereby experiments themselves or details. Primate shall be taken by a competent person, preferably a veterinarian the Scottish Ministers and safeguard. Of EPA 's law and regulatory information, including use of a prescribed information sheet not extend stray!

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