Group A blood has A. An anaesthetic injection into the lower back that numbs the lower body so surgery can be carried out in this area without you feeling any pain. Hypertension means high blood pressure. A medication or device which is placed in the vagina. The spleen can become damaged or may burst (rupture) after an injury, such as a blow to the abdomen, a car accident, a sporting accident or broken ribs. It is wiped over the vagina to collect samples of fluid to check for infection. Phone lines are open Mon - Fri 9am-5pm, Heart Helpline - for medical enquiries: 0300 330 3311 A chronic disorder involving abdominal pain, bloating and changes in bowel habits, such as diarrhoea. A tube of absorbent material that fits into the vagina to absorb the menstrual blood. Latin words for rupture include violo, lanio, lancino, lambero and rumpo. Affected babies may not breathe normally and may have a low heart rate. This is the time when the woman will start pushing. hernia. Uterine rupture can lead to hysterectomy, urologic injury, the need for blood transfusion, and even the death of the mother and baby. It is often a sign of dehydration and can be tested by a blood or urine test. A cut up to 14 inches long giving surgeons access to the, Large loop excision of the transformation zone or LLETZ. If the egg is not fertilised, it is reabsorbed back into the body and the lining of the womb (the endometrium) is shed. 3. The following glossary of medical terms was assembled as part of a project on medicine from 1760-1830 but it includes some terms from a wider period. A condition which can affect a woman’s menstrual cycle, fertility, hormones and aspects of her appearance. Tel +44 20 7772 6200 Medical Definition of Rupture Medical Author: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR Rupture: A break or tear in any organ (such as the spleen) or soft tissue (such as the achilles tendon ). Risk is generally given in terms of numerical odds (1 in 10) or percentages (10%). Ischaemic cardiomyopathy (IC) is a condition when your heart muscle is weakened as a result of a heart attack or coronary artery disease. A condition where the placenta covers all or part of the. The body’s two kidneys keep fluids balanced by filtering the blood. A break in friendly relations. rupture synonyms, rupture pronunciation, rupture translation, English dictionary definition of rupture. It is not usually serious but can sometimes need treatment. Naturally occurring substances made in the body which control the activity of normal cells. Bleeding before 24 weeks of pregnancy which occurs without harm to the baby. When a baby has experienced a reduced level of oxygen around the time of birth. ‘Regular’ is defined as two or three times a week. Some STIs have no symptoms, so it is important to be tested if you think you have been at risk. A clear or whitish fluid that comes from the vagina or cervix. Too much fluid (amniotic fluid) surrounding the baby in the uterus. Death can occur within minutes if cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and defibrillation are not carried out. twins or triplets. A few types of HPV can cause cell changes that may develop into cancer. The first breastmilk produced during pregnancy and in the first few days after your baby is born. This causes the atria to twitch, and results in an irregular heartbeat or pulse. A caesarean delivery which was not planned during pregnancy. Seizures/fits that are a potentially life-threatening complication of. Inflammation of the stomach and intestines, usually resulting in diarrhoea or vomiting. It is sometimes called a smear test. The name for a group of blood fats. When a breech baby’s foot or feet are lying below its bottom. Your spleen, situated just under your rib cage on your left side, helps your body fight infection and filter old blood cells from your bloodstream.A forceful blow to your abdomen — during a sporting mishap, a fistfight or a car crash, for example — is the usual cause of a ruptured spleen. A serious, lifelong condition where your blood glucose level is too high because your body can't make a hormone called insulin, which controls blood glucose. A type of anti-coagulant medication that is given by injection. The way the body defends itself against infection, disease and outside substances. An ACL injury is a tear or sprain of the anterior cruciate (KROO-she-ate) ligament (ACL) — one of the major ligaments in your knee. When no cell changes are present along the edge of tissue removed during treatment for cervical cell changes. The elderly and those with complicating medical conditions should also consider conservative nonsurgical treatment. Normally the umbilical cord inserts into the centre of the placenta. Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), Volunteer and power our life saving research, 10% student discount on pre-loved furniture and electrical items, Book a free furniture and electrical goods collection, Donate safely to our clothing and book shops, Donate safely using our house clearance service, Operating a safe delivery service for our home stores, Respond to the comprehensive spending review, Research Excellence and Accelerator Awards, Turning back the tide on heart and circulatory diseases, We fund research to save and improve lives, We work with patients and the public for better health and care. This tends to be a warning and the risk of a full stroke is highest within the first 48 hours. The chance that an activity or hazard will give rise to harm. See also “heart block”. This can result in heart muscle damage, which leads to heart failure. They help patients and their medical teams make decisions about care (like those produced by the. Discussions with a specialist to help you decide what to do if you, your partner or a close relative is found to carry an inheritable disease. Small cuts are made in the abdomen and an electrical current is used to destroy a tiny part of the ovaries. The area of skin between the vagina and the anus. Made of plastic, it slowly releases the. It is a long-term condition which worsens over time and requires medical management. Fibroids are sometimes known as uterine myomas or leiomyomas. An organ which develops in the womb linking the baby with the mother’s system. A condition when the level of haemoglobin, the protein in blood which carries oxygen round the body, is lower than normal. It is measured in millimetres of mercury (mmHg). We fund research to keep hearts beating and blood flowing. b : hernia. Dr Rick Karsan explains some of the confusing terms that you might hear from your doctor. A tear during childbirth which extends downwards from the vaginal wall and perineum to the anal sphincter, the muscle that controls the anus. A tear may be caused by an injury or increased pressure on the tendon that occurs during sports or a fall. Long-term consequences. If PROM occurs before 37 weeks of pregnancy, it is called preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). Medical terms explained A. Velamentous cord insertion is when it runs through the membranes before reaching the placenta. A tear during childbirth which extends to the anal canal as well as the rectum. Fax +44 20 7723 0575, Menopause and women’s health in later life, Perineal tears and episiotomies in childbirth, Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, Cochrane Collaboration Pregnancy and Childbirth Group, National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE). Call 999 immediately and ask for an ambulance if someone's experiencing symptoms of a ruptured brain aneurysm. SMART … This kind of stroke is usually caused by atherosclerosis, the same process that leads to coronary heart disease, including heart attacks. The tiny building blocks which make up the organs and tissues of the body. A technique where eggs are collected from a woman and fertilised with a man’s. A different number or arrangement of chromosomes from the usual pattern. A doctor who treats medical conditions and diseases that affect women and their reproductive organs. It includes LDL, or low-density lipoprotein, which is ‘bad’ cholesterol; HDL, or high-density lipoprotein, which is ‘good’ cholesterol; and triglycerides (TG). ACL injuries most commonly occur during sports that involve sudden stops or changes in direction, jumping and landing — such as soccer, basketball, football and downhill skiing.Many people hear or feel a \"pop\" in the knee when an ACL injury occurs. Abnormalities of the skull or back bone of a developing baby that happen during the first 12 weeks of your pregnancy and which will affect your baby from birth. It is not sexually transmitted and does not affect men. It blocks, seals or cuts the tube (the. By randomly assigning patients to different treatments for the same problem, the results can be assessed equally with the aim of discovering the best possible procedure for the condition. Anterior cruciate ligament definition is - a cruciate ligament of each knee that attaches the front of the tibia with the back of the femur and functions especially to prevent hyperextension of the knee and is subject to injury especially by tearing —called also ACL. A specialist unit in a hospital to care for premature babies. It is illegal in the UK. The use of hormones to treat disease or to replace hormones no longer produced by the body. When a woman is carrying more than one baby, e.g. The medical term for the breaking of waters in pregnancy. 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