[142], On September 20, 2018, about 75 demonstrators in front of South Building protested "police brutality" and what they called "targeting, harassing, and spying on anti-racist protesters. [200], The agreement was criticised by university staff, alumni and students, who accused the university of a back-room deal with white supremacists. If the University remains uncertain of its legal ability to act, we ask it to seek a declaration in court to affirm UNC's right to remove the statue. Yet He Still Looms Over Campus", "U.S. put its Silent Sams on pedestals. [54] That group, also known as the Real Silent Sam Committee, "campaigned over the past two years [2011–2013] to replace the current plaque with one that tells what they call "the true history of the confederate soldier. [124] Crowds remained around the base, and the Associated Press reported that students were drawn to see it as the news of the toppling spread. [44] A picture from 1918, with two soldiers in front, appeared in the 1961 yearbook Yackity Yack. [106] A petition Little posted on change.org asking for the Honor Court charges to be dropped received 6,600 signatures. They related the Silent Sam situation with another controversial issue, "the Board of Governors' recent ban on representation or counsel by the Center for Civil Rights. $7,500 in 1913 had roughly the same purchasing power as $193,500 in 2018. [202][203], Baddour ruled April 8 that $2.42 million from the trust fund go back to the UNC system in 10 days. A Four-Part Plan presented by UNC-Chapel Hill to the UNC Board of Governors", "Chancellor Folt announces resignation, orders Confederate Monument pedestal to be removed intact", "University of North Carolina Gives 'Silent Sam' Statue to Confederate Group", "Judge Voids UNC's Controversial Settlement Over Confederate Statue 'Silent Sam, "A Nursery of Patriotism: the University at War, 1861–1945—Civil War—Conscription", "A guide to resources about UNC's Confederate monument: Timeline", "UNC's Silent Sam and Honoring the Confederacy", "A guide to resources about UNC's Confederate monument: Archival Resources", "Civil War 'Silent Sentinels' still on guard in North, South", "Confederate Monument (a.k.a. [125], A Community Policing Advisory Committee meets monthly to receive feedback concerning the Campus Police. At 9:20 p.m., Silent Sam was felled;[118][122][123] the crowd cheered. On the night of August 20, 2018, the day before the 2018–19 academic year began, another "Remove Silent Sam" rally was held,[16] beginning with speakers at 7 P.M. Conversely, the community of Chapel Hill seems to feel very strongly that it should not be restored to its original place. With this new law, it is relatively easy for many individuals to speculate about its meaning or offer possible loopholes as ways to operate around the law. Its presence continues to legitimize and incite violence, dehumanization, and oppression. Confederate private Sam Watkins gives a firsthand account of the "Dead Angle" at the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain during the American Civil War. They said they would not have given their approval to send the letter to Cooper. Baddour also extended the date for the statue's return to May 5 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. [105], In July, 2018, Silent Sam, covered by a red X and the words "North Carolina needs a monumental change", was depicted in Raleigh on two identical billboards, on Blount Street near Hoke Street and on North Raleigh Boulevard near the intersection with Yonkers Road. [136][137][138][139] At a hearing on September 20, one person's charge was dropped, and that of another person was to be dropped following completion of community service.[136]. The Real Silent Sam Coalition; PRIMARY SOURCES Activist Organizations – Past & PResent. [119] WUNC Managing Editor Dave DeWitt, who was present, called it "a well-planned and executed effort".[121]. At the August meeting there were 2 attendees, "who wanted to speak about Silent Sam". They said they would release the email to The Daily Tar Heel, the campus newspaper, if she did not reply first. ", Olin T. Binkley Memorial Baptist Church: "Racism is still not eradicated in this day. There had been no public meeting to discuss the settlement, or any public announcement of the lawsuit or potential deal until it was settled. Our intention is to provide a comprehensive list of materials that can be used to inform current and future discussions about this contested monument. J. Andrews, Printer, 38 Chatham st., N. Y Created / Published ... For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources. Series 2. Ho, ho. I performed the pleasing duty in the immediate presence of the entire garrison, and for thirty nights afterwards slept with a double-barrel shot gun under my head. The refreshed statue was put back in place six months later. The Black Student Movement strongly opposes the recommendation made by Chancellor Folt and the UNC Board of Trustees today to reinstall the Confederate monument known as “Silent Sam” on our university’s campus. "[30] University President Francis Preston Venable spoke to the 1909 UDC Convention, approving of the plan for a monument, and saying that record of the students who enlisted "should ever be before the eyes of the present-day students". The university declined to confirm or deny the report. [57] A second protest was held on October 12, University Day, on the steps of Wilson Library. ", "Chapel Hill mayor asks for Silent Sam to be removed from UNC campus", "Cooper tells UNC leaders they can remove Silent Sam if there's 'imminent threat, "UNC details security costs near Silent Sam for the last year", "Gov. "[3] A newscaster on the scene described the mood as "jubilation". Silent Sam Is Her Greatest Test", "More UNC Faculty Join Call to Remove Silent Sam", "UNC student arrested after hundreds protest at UNC-Chapel Hill Silent Sam monument", "UNC Chancellor Emeritus: Leaving Silent Sam in Place is 'Untenable, "UNC Choosing Not to Bring Silent Sam Petition to NC Historical Commission on Friday", "Undersigned Faculty Statement on Silent Sam", "UNC Grad Student Charged with Defacing Silent Sam", "That 'auto mechanic' at the Silent Sam protests wasn't a mechanic, activists discover", "Violence at Silent Sam? [58], Officials said that "a protective layer would be placed on the monument to ease cleaning efforts for future situations". That body has shown no public interest in doing so at this point. LOVE'S GIFT TO VALOR: Women of State Raise Statue to Youthful Chivalry. Cooper gives UNC green light to remove 'Silent Sam', UNC holds off, citing 2015 law", "UNC board members criticize leaders' handling of Silent Sam statue", "Noisy protest of Silent Sam statue targets chancellor", "After Duke incident, rival UNC considers whether to remove Confederate statue", "AG Stein wants Confederate monuments down or moved; awaits request for advisory opinion on law", "Top lawmaker says no plans to change NC law protecting Confederate monuments", "NC Historical Commission Agrees To Keep 3 Confederate Monuments On Capitol Grounds, Reinterpret Them", "UNC's Chancellor Is a Consensus Builder. [135] At least 25 other people had been arrested on charges of misdemeanor riot, misdemeanor defacing of a public monument, causing damage to property, causing a public disturbance, defacing a public building, concealing one's face, resisting arrest, simple assault, and affray (fighting). [94] This discovery led to another rally outside South Building on November 14. [191], At the end of August, 37 Chapel Hill faith leaders wrote an open letter saying that "returning Silent Sam to its previous location furthers the goal of those who originally put it there: venerating white supremacy, and denigrating people of color."[187][192]. This path would spare our students and faculty from the distraction, expense and pain of suing their home institution." [183], The University of North Carolina system president, Margaret Spellings, summarised the situation: "The people who are paying the bills in the state of North Carolina, who underwrite in very significant ways the cost of operating that and every other institution in this system, by all polling and all accounts seem to support the restoration of the statue. Roy Cooper to petition the North Carolina Historical Commission for an urgent ruling to relocate Silent Sam", and "as a sign of good faith, understanding that the Chancellor is now seeking the quick removal of Silent Sam, we shall stand down for the present". ", "UNC Center for Civil Rights Director Theodore M. Shaw Statement on Removal of Statue Known as, University of North Carolina School of Law, "Silent Sam from a historian's perspective", "The unfinished story of Silent Sam, from 'Soldier Boy' to fallen symbol of a painful past", "Former UNC chancellor says he wished he'd taken down Silent Sam", "Former UNC chancellor's granddaughter among 14 now charged in Silent Sam protests", "Broken Tributes to a Morally Bankrupt Cause", "Behind 'Silent Sam's' toppling at UNC, a lesson for South Carolina, historians say", "Make It Right Project Responds to the North Carolina Historical Commission Vote to Keep Confederate Monuments Standing", "Daughters of Confederacy rejects Chatham County monument talks. [31] In 1967, poet John Beecher "debated" Silent Sam, reading to the statue from his book of poetry To Live and Die in Dixie. [23], In November 2019, in response to a lawsuit from the Sons of Confederate Veterans, UNC donated the statue to the group, with a $2.5 million trust for its "care and preservation", on the condition that the statue would not be displayed in the same county as any UNC school. Cite This Item. This guide was created by University Archives staff members in 2016. [59], In late July 2015, the North Carolina General Assembly passed SL 2015–170, the Cultural History Artifact Management and Patriotism Act of 2015, which states that "An object of remembrance [defined as "monument, memorial, or work of art"] located on public property may not be permanently removed". [31], In 1971, the monument was defaced with paint following a basketball victory. It is located on McCorkle Place, the university's upper quad; facing Franklin Street on the northern edge of campus. Silent Sam had long been a source of controversy on the Chapel Hill, N.C., campus, but the debate was further inflamed by the fatal eruption of racist violence a year earlier in Charlottesville, Va. "Returning the statue to the UNC-Chapel Hill campus would reaffirm the values of white supremacy that motivated its original installation," the resolution said. "[68], "The push to get UNC to remove the statue...took off in earnest in August 2017",[68] after the proposed removal of Confederate statues in Charlottesville, Virginia led to the Unite the Right rally on August 11–12, and on August 14, the toppling of the Confederate Soldiers Memorial in nearby Durham. [47] In the early 1970s, the monument was the site of several demonstrations by the Black Student Movement. [124], On University Day, October 12, 2018, Chancellor Folt issued an apology for the university's connections to slavery, saying: "I reaffirm our university's commitment to facing squarely and working to right the wrongs of history so they are never again inflicted".[134]. Dump it in a hog lagoon. [189][190], On August 28, 41 department chairs in the College of Arts and Sciences sent a letter to Chancellor Folt opposing the return of Silent Sam to its pedestal or any prominent location on campus. [43] Later in the speech; Carr stated: One hundred yards from where we stand, less than ninety days perhaps after my return from Appomattox, I horse-whipped a negro wench until her skirts hung in shreds, because upon the streets of this quiet village she had publicly insulted and maligned a Southern lady, and then rushed for protection to these University buildings where was stationed a garrison of 100 Federal soldiers. The money left in the $2.5 million … We are a nation of laws — and mob rule and the intentional destruction of public property will not be tolerated. He did not wait until a convenient time to speak or act. [83], Folt received considerable criticism from UNC-CH students and faculty for not taking a stronger position on the removal of Silent Sam. Sunday School Lessons and Addresses, 1896–1923 and undated. Here's what to do about them", "Soldiers' Monument. [39], -from the dedication speech of Governor Locke Craig, June 2, 1913". The Governor of North Carolina, Locke Craig, also spoke; regarding the service of students who died in the war: In 1861 these students went to war. So protesters did", "UNC system officials and state leaders on Silent Sam: 'Mob rule' won't be tolerated", "Chancellor Folt holds Silent Sam press conference, BOG members speak out", "UNC faculty: Where is leadership on Silent Sam issue? [34], In a manner similar to his earlier Daniel A. Bean sculpture, John A. Wilson created a "silent" statue by not including a cartridge box on the infantryman's belt so that he cannot fire his gun. [3][4][43], The monument appears on an undated, early 20th-century postcard. The statue was toppled by protesters, and later that night removed to a secure location by university authorities. [78][89], On September 21, the day before the North Carolina Historical Commission was to meet, UNC-CH issued a press release. This statue is a monument to their chivalry and devotion. We believe it was time to act in ridding the UNC campus of a very public Silent Sam.... We support placing a placard in place of the statue, reminding us of what once stood there and what it stood for.". While we respect that protesters have the right to demonstrate, they do not have the right to damage state property. Such racist symbolism is antithetical to the ethos of this vibrant, public university. Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate. Silent Sam)", "Confederate Monument, UNC (Chapel Hill)", "Julian Shakespeare Carr Papers, 1892–1923. In November 2020, a tree was planted at the site of the statue. [14][109] At about the same time, the Project printed posters with a picture of Silent Sam, an X over him, and the words "We need REAL heroes", and students put them up on the campus. In 1965, a discussion about the monument's meaning and history occurred in the letters to the editor of the UNC student newspaper, The Daily Tar Heel. 'ALL Veterans Matter,' organizer says", "Our View: Let Silent Sam's legacy be solutions", "It was past time to remove UNC's Silent Sam", "Enough with the empty gestures surrounding Silent Sam", "EDITORIAL: UNC students were right to remove Silent Sam", "Silent Sam' a symbol for the past, and the future", "North Carolina refused to act on Confederate statues. The inscriptions are in all capital letters but are rendered here in sentence case for ease of reading. Resources related to the "Silent Sam" Confederate Memorial, the two Caldwell Monuments, "The Student Body" Statue, and the Unsung Founders Memorial are listed in this guide. [2], Establishing a Confederate monument at a Southern university became a goal of the North Carolina chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy (UDC) in 1907. [22] The pedestal base and inscription plaques were removed in January 2019, with a statement from Chancellor Folt citing public safety. Approval of the North Carolina Historical Commission is required. The trust would then be dissolved. [69], On August 17, 2017, Chapel Hill mayor Pam Hemminger sent a letter to the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, requesting that it petition the North Carolina Historical Commission to immediately remove Silent Sam from campus "in the interest of public safety." The cost was $8,600. "[144], A student documentary about the statue, "Silence Sam", was shown on November 30, 2018, at Duke University, under the sponsorship of Duke's Center for Documentary Studies. [72][79] Folt replied that despite the governor's advice, the university did not think it could say it was a "risk to public safety" in the sense intended by the 2015 law,[75][81] which refers to "a building inspector or similar official" making that determination, "where the statue itself poses a physical hazard. — UNC's mail ran the gamut", "Folt, McCracken receive dozens of emails and voicemails after toppling of Silent Sam", "This plane flew a Confederate flag over UNC. [75] Silent Sam was under 24-hour video surveillance via a monitor in the campus Police Department.[69][105]. Many of the resources listed here have been digitized and are available for easy access online. It will remind you, and those who come after you of the boys who left these peaceful classic shades for the hardships of armies at the front, for the fierce carnage of titanic battles, for suffering and for death. Campus Police Chief Chris Blue was asked to leave slightly after the meeting began, and he did so. [67][87], Former UNC-CH Chancellor James Moeser, interviewed at the rally, said: "I used to be of the mind that we should contextualize history...but Charlottesville changed my mind." [83]), On October 26, 35 professors from the School of Law posted a statement saying: "To many in our community, the armed soldier expresses the idea that some in our community are not equal. Police response to two Silent Sam protests were far different", "Would UNC faculty actually tear down Silent Sam? Some of these protests led to arrests for assault, resisting arrest, and inciting a public disturbance. We, members of a Chapel Hill faith community, seek to follow a man named Jesus who, at every turn, identified with the outcasts and spoke truth to power. [13], The monument has been a subject of controversy and a site of protest since the 1960s. "[91], In November, 2017, Maya Little, graduate student in history and leader of Silent Sam protests during 2017–2018,[92] posted documentation of the University's Police Department having used an undercover officer to gather information on the protestors,[93] which the university confirmed. [42], This speech has been described by UNC history professor W. Fitzhugh Brundage as one in which Carr "unambiguously urged his audience to devote themselves to the maintenance of white supremacy with the same vigor that their Confederate ancestors had defended slavery. She described her action as "provid[ing] context": "This statue, Silent Sam, was built on white supremacy. The North Carolina Attorney General, Josh Stein, also made a statement supporting the removal or relocation of "statues that...promote white supremacy". "Moreover, to do so would undermine the physical security of all members of our community. University of North Carolina / Sons of Confederate Veterans (disputed) The Confederate Monument, University of North Carolina, commonly known as Silent Sam, is a bronze statue of a Confederate soldier by Canadian sculptor John A. Wilson, which stood on the historic McCorkle Place of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC) from 1913 until it was pulled … [35] Like the earlier sculpture, Wilson used a northerner, Harold Langlois of Boston, as his model. [31], In 2003, Gerald Horne, at that time director of the Sonja Haynes Stone Center for Black Culture and History, in a letter to The Daily Tar Heel, called the monument "an eyesore". For nearly half that time, the monument has been the subject of controversy. [15][112] From July 1, 2017 – June 30, 2018, UNC spent $390,000 on security for the monument. The Confederate Monument, University of North Carolina, commonly known as Silent Sam, is a bronze statue of a Confederate soldier by Canadian sculptor John A. Wilson, which stood on the historic McCorkle Place of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC) from 1913 until it was pulled down by protestors on August 20, 2018. "[82] Removal will require legislative action. [100] The paper said it had met with a representative from the group, "who is a senior faculty member at UNC". Chapel Hill, N.C. (photograph)", "Confederate Monument and students in uniform, 1918 (photograph)", "As Time Goes By Sam Seems to Get Noisier", "Why Silent Sam was built: A historian's perspective", "Real Silent Sam movement holds protest focused on statue's history", "NC NAACP President To Speak At Silent Sam 100th Anniversary Sunday", "As Time Goes By, Sam Seems To Get Noisier", "Confederate statue on UNC-CH campus vandalized again", "Pro-Confederate Rally Coming To UNC Campus Sunday", "Demonstrators Gather To Support, And Oppose, Silent Sam", "Objections to 'Silent Sam' disrupt UNC University Day", "Man Arrested for Spray-Painting Silent Sam", "Hundreds protest on UNC campus against Confederate statue", "Hands off? Silent Sam Silent Sam is a statue of a Confederate soldier by John Wilson on the campus of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. [60], On the night of August 17–18, 2015, the statue, along with the Chapel Hill Post Office, were defaced with the words "Who is Sandra Bland? UNC approved the group's request in 1908 and, with funding from UNC alumni, the UDC and the university, Wilson designed the statue, using a young Boston man as his model. Silent Sam has been under fire a long time. [15][79][80] Cooper responded to Spellings, saying UNC could remove the statue if there was "a real risk to public safety," but did not himself say that the risk existed. [188], The Administrative Board of the Library stated publicly that it did not want the statue in any university library, and recommended that it go to a location such as Raleigh's North Carolina Museum of History. HILLSBOROUGH, N.C. (AP) — A judge has imposed a 45-day deadline on the Sons of Confederate Veterans to return the Silent Sam statue to the University of North Carolina. [65], On January 12, 2016, UNC police arrested a man for "spray-painting a message on Silent Sam". "[207], In response to an August 21 request from WRAL-TV, on September 12 the UNC-CH administration released 800 pages of emails and texts relevant to the toppling.[115]. On September 1, 2011, a group calling itself the Real Silent Sam Movement held a protest "to attract attention to the statue's history". UNC Board of Trustees will present plan by Nov. 15", "US students topple Confederate monument", "A Towering Legacy To The Confederacy Topples", "Protesters knock down Silent Sam statue, which had stood on UNC campus since 1913", "Confederate Statue on UNC Campus Toppled by Protesters", "Police response to Silent Sam protest will be reviewed, UNC board chairman says", "Police 'broke the peace' at UNC's Silent Sam protest, say 8 who were arrested", "Chapel Hill braces for possible protest Thursday 10 days after Silent Sam toppled", "Message from Carolina on possible rally", "Protesters clash at UNC-Chapel Hill, less than a week after Silent Sam was toppled", "Eight arrested at protest over North Carolina Confederate monument", "Supporters of Silent Sam were greatly outnumbered by the counter protesters", "Confederate toppling looms over debate about other statues", "UNC System issues statement on Silent Sam toppling: 'We do not support lawlessness, "SBI Assisting Silent Sam Investigation Amid Questions of Policing Tactics", "UNC leader apologizes for slavery and says school will 'right the wrongs of history, "Those arrested at Silent Sam protests receive charges in a crowded courthouse", "Two Silent Sam protesters resolve assault charges stemming from UNC rally", "UNC-CH professor facing assault charge from night Silent Sam was toppled", "Crowd comes to talk Silent Sam protests and police, but not with the chief", "Attorney compares those charged in UNC's Silent Sam protests to civil rights 'heroes, "Residents ask Chapel Hill to review Greensboro police actions at Silent Sam protest", "Silent Sam Opponents Protest Police Brutality on UNC Campus", "Our Opinion: Silent Sam falls victim to spread of campus chaos", "Hundreds protest on UNC campus against 'Silent Sam' Confederate statue", "GOP lawmaker fears 'civil war' after Silent Sam toppled", "Mob rule at Silent Sam? 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